Neurobiology Of Depression

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Neurobiology Of Depression


Neurobiology Of Depression
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Neurobiology Of Depression


Neurobiology Of Depression
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Author : Joao Luciano de Quevedo
language : en
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-01-03

Neurobiology Of Depression written by Joao Luciano de Quevedo and has been published by Academic Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-01-03 with Medical categories.


Neurobiology of Depression: Road to Novel Therapeutics synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussions on the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing research perspectives and revolutionizing research into depression. These basic foundational understandings on the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research are combined in this book to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD. Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental and psychological factors. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission. However, only approximately one-third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks, such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments, to antidepressants and novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussions on the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with the clinical aspects of depression

Neurobiology Of Depression


Neurobiology Of Depression
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Author : Francisco Lopez-Munoz
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-09-09

Neurobiology Of Depression written by Francisco Lopez-Munoz and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-09-09 with Medical categories.


Major depressive disorders have recently been associated with impairments in signaling pathways that regulate neuroplasticity and cell survival. Agents designed to directly target molecules in these pathways hold promise as new therapeutics for depression. With the collaboration of the most prestigious international specialists in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, psychiatry, psychology, and pharmacology, Neurobiology of Depression discusses the nature of the central nervous system circuits responsible for the modifications of neuronal functioning that lead to depression. The book begins by discussing animal, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological models of depression as well as neural foundations. It explores genetic factors that contribute to depression and describes the effect of monoaminergic systems in the central nervous system. Next, the book profiles the rise of psychopharmacology in the treatment of depression and the research into serotonin and monoamine reuptake inhibitors. It examines the role of the glutamatergic, endocannabinoid, and opioid systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, as well as the effect of biological rhythms on the human body. Later chapters review the role of CRF-related ligands, CRF receptors, HPA axis activity, and glucocorticoid receptors in the regulation of the stress response and depression. They also describe cytokine modulation of molecular mechanisms. They examine the role of neuropeptide Y, nitric oxide, beta-arrestins, BDNF, and phosphodiesterases, and discuss the use of tachykinin antagonists in treatment. Finally, they analyze the neurobiological basis for the development of new antidepressant agents. Exploring myriad aspects of a disease that plagues a large percentage of the population worldwide, this volume captures the state of the science of this debilitating disorder, facilitating further research and discovery.

Systems Neuroscience In Depression


Systems Neuroscience In Depression
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Author : Thomas Frodl
language : en
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-09-01

Systems Neuroscience In Depression written by Thomas Frodl and has been published by Academic Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2016-09-01 with Psychology categories.


Systems Neuroscience in Depression provides a comprehensive overview of the normal and depressed brain processes as studied from a systems neuroscience perspective. Systems neuroscience uses a wide variety of approaches to study how networks of neurons form the bases of higher brain function. A broad overview is discussed starting with a background from neurodevelopment and neural understanding as well as novel treatment approaches for depression. This book covers basic developmental aspects and depressive psychopathology, as well as the basic scientific background from animal models and experimental research. Current advances in systems neuroscience are highlighted in studies from child and adolescent psychiatry. Integrated approaches are presented with regards to genetics, neuroimaging and neuroinflammation as well as neuroendocrinology. The field of systems and network neuroscience is evolving rapidly and this book provides a greatly needed resource for researchers and practitioners in systems neuroscience and psychiatry. Knowledge covering the whole life span from early to later life Comprehensively written chapters developing from molecules via epigenetics and neural circuits to clinical neuroscience Understanding the neurobiology of major depressive disorder Integrating stress and environmental factors with molecular underpinnings More than 25 illustrations and tables

Neurobiology Of Depression


Neurobiology Of Depression
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Author : Francisco Lopez-Munoz
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2011-09-09

Neurobiology Of Depression written by Francisco Lopez-Munoz and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-09-09 with Medical categories.


Major depressive disorders have recently been associated with impairments in signaling pathways that regulate neuroplasticity and cell survival. Agents designed to directly target molecules in these pathways hold promise as new therapeutics for depression. With the collaboration of the most prestigious international specialists in biochemistry, molecular biology, genomics, psychiatry, psychology, and pharmacology, Neurobiology of Depression discusses the nature of the central nervous system circuits responsible for the modifications of neuronal functioning that lead to depression. The book begins by discussing animal, neurophysiological, and neuropsychological models of depression as well as neural foundations. It explores genetic factors that contribute to depression and describes the effect of monoaminergic systems in the central nervous system. Next, the book profiles the rise of psychopharmacology in the treatment of depression and the research into serotonin and monoamine reuptake inhibitors. It examines the role of the glutamatergic, endocannabinoid, and opioid systems in the pathophysiology of mood disorders, as well as the effect of biological rhythms on the human body. Later chapters review the role of CRF-related ligands, CRF receptors, HPA axis activity, and glucocorticoid receptors in the regulation of the stress response and depression. They also describe cytokine modulation of molecular mechanisms. They examine the role of neuropeptide Y, nitric oxide, beta-arrestins, BDNF, and phosphodiesterases, and discuss the use of tachykinin antagonists in treatment. Finally, they analyze the neurobiological basis for the development of new antidepressant agents. Exploring myriad aspects of a disease that plagues a large percentage of the population worldwide, this volume captures the state of the science of this debilitating disorder, facilitating further research and discovery.

Neurobiology Of Depression


Neurobiology Of Depression
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Author : Joao Quevedo
language : en
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-03-15

Neurobiology Of Depression written by Joao Quevedo and has been published by Academic Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-03-15 with Medical categories.


Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders, caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors combined. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission; however, only approximately one third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness, and certain symptomatic clusters may be promising targets for novel therapeutics, such as drug and psychological treatments for the management of the cognitive impairments that can encompass several domains and contribute to psychosocial function, and that can persist for many patients even in periods of symptomatic remission. Neurobiology of Depression synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussion of the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing researchers' perspectives and may revolutionize research into depression. The basic foundational understanding of the neurobiology underlying the disorder, as well as the comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research, combine to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD and change the landscape of the management of depression with the development of novel and fast-acting pharmaceutical and neuromodulatory approaches. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments to antidepressants to novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussion of cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with clinical aspects of depression for a thorough understanding of the disorder

Behavioral Neurobiology Of Depression And Its Treatment


Behavioral Neurobiology Of Depression And Its Treatment
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Author : Philip J. Cowen
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2014-04-24

Behavioral Neurobiology Of Depression And Its Treatment written by Philip J. Cowen and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2014-04-24 with Medical categories.


The book highlights important new research using current state-of-the-art approaches by prominent researchers in the field of depression. A broad range of topics is covered, beginning with a description of the phenotypic features of clinical depression, followed by chapters on the cellular and molecular basis, functional neuroimaging correlates and information-processing accounts. Finally, existing and novel treatment approaches are covered. In this way the volume brings together the key disciplines involved in the neurobiological understanding of depression to provide an update of the field and outlook to the future. Together, the volume chapters provide focused and critical reviews that span a broad range of topics suitable for both students and established investigators interested in the present state of depression research.

The Neurobiological Basis Of Suicide


The Neurobiological Basis Of Suicide
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Author : Yogesh Dwivedi
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-06-25

The Neurobiological Basis Of Suicide written by Yogesh Dwivedi and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2012-06-25 with Medical categories.


With recent studies using genetic, epigenetic, and other molecular and neurochemical approaches, a new era has begun in understanding pathophysiology of suicide. Emerging evidence suggests that neurobiological factors are not only critical in providing potential risk factors but also provide a promising approach to develop more effective treatment and prevention strategies. The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide discusses the most recent findings in suicide neurobiology. Psychological, psychosocial, and cultural factors are important in determining the risk factors for suicide; however, they offer weak prediction and can be of little clinical use. Interestingly, cognitive characteristics are different among depressed suicidal and depressed nonsuicidal subjects, and could be involved in the development of suicidal behavior. The characterization of the neurobiological basis of suicide is in delineating the risk factors associated with suicide. The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide focuses on how and why these neurobiological factors are crucial in the pathogenic mechanisms of suicidal behavior and how these findings can be transformed into potential therapeutic applications.